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Study finds that heavy metal-contaminated leafy greens turn purple Some might say you look a little green when you are sick. Leafy greens actually turn purple—although not obvious to the human eye, it can be seen through advanced hyperspectral imaging (different than purple varieties of some vegetables). Purdue researchers discovered this color change in kale and basil stressed by cadmium, a heavy metal toxic to human and animal health.
When graphene speaks, scientists can now listen It may be true that seeing is believing, but sometimes hearing can be better.
Researchers set their sights on chalcogenide nanostructured displays One of the key components behind next-generation high resolution video displays will be optical nanoantennas. These devices use nanotechnology to mix and interfere with light beams to produce color and even holograms.
The role of ribosomes in age-related diseases Aging leads to a decline in cellular fitness and loss of optimal protein function. Many age-related ailments, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, are caused by protein aggregation, a result of errors in protein folding. Yet, the mechanisms underlying how aging causes proteins to aggregate has largely remained a black box. In new research published Jan. 19 in Nature, researchers at Stanford University have traced this problem to age-dependent impairment of the machinery that produces new proteins.
Researchers use electrically responsive fluid to make eye-like adaptive lens Researchers have developed an adaptive liquid lens based on a new electrically responsive fluid called dibutyl adipate (DBA) that changes focal length when a voltage is applied. The lens is lightweight, compact and simple to fabricate, which makes it ideal for mobile phone cameras, endoscopes, eyeglasses and machine vision applications.
A volcanic eruption in 2020 led to hours-long thunderstorm A study conducted by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Vaisala Inc., published yesterday in the Geological Society of America's journal Geology, discusses how advances in global lightning detection have provided novel ways to characterize explosive volcanism. Lead author Alexa Van Eaton says, "It's the perfect storm—explosive eruptions can create lightning that is detected around the world."
Untangling the roots of plant genomes: Supporting a 'moonshot' for botany Research featured this month in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences highlights the progress of plant genomics and includes a roadmap for the enormous task of sequencing the genomes of plants worldwide.
Research News: Antiproton Mirrors Proton
Author(s): Michael Schirber
An antiproton experiment has shown to record precision that matter and antimatter particles have equal mass—confirming a basic tenet of the standard model of particle physics.
[Physics 15, 8] Published Wed Jan 19, 2022
Synopsis: Record Lifetime for a Bubble
Author(s): Katherine Wright
Researchers created a gas bubble that lived for 465 days, a world record for this type of object.
[Physics 15, s7] Published Tue Jan 18, 2022
Viewpoint: Quasisymmetric Stellarators
Author(s): Linjin Zheng
Magnetic-field configurations that improve confinement of fusion plasmas in stellarators can be achieved more precisely than previously thought, according to a numerical study.
[Physics 15, 5] Published Tue Jan 18, 2022
Focus: Laser Propagating through Air Sets Stability Record
Author(s): Dan Garisto
An optical link for communication between distant atomic clocks is 100 times more stable than previous links and could enable new precision tests of general relativity.
[Physics 15, 6] Published Fri Jan 14, 2022
Watch two black holes merge and zoom across galaxy When a pair of black holes merge, the resulting larger black hole can be sent hurtling away at extraordinary speeds – and now astronomers have seen it happen.
Synopsis: Dark Energy Survey Hits a Triple
Author(s): Michael Schirber
A large galaxy survey releases its three-year observations, providing key cosmological-parameter measurements that have double the precision of those previously released.
[Physics 15, s4] Published Thu Jan 13, 2022
Advances in physics may seem abstract at first but tech often follows Hints of a fifth force of nature may only interest researchers and science lovers for now, but physics breakthroughs have a habit of delivering technological leaps
The Large Hadron Collider blips that could herald a new era of physics Hints of a new particle carrying a fifth force of nature have been multiplying at the LHC – and many physicists are convinced this could finally be the big one
Synopsis: Multiverse Explanation for Small Higgs Mass
Author(s): Katherine Wright
A new model that assumes that a multitude of universes existed when our Universe first formed may explain why the Higgs mass is smaller than traditional models predict.
[Physics 15, s6] Published Wed Jan 12, 2022
Synopsis: Predicting the Shape of Pointy-Rock Forests
Author(s): Rachel Berkowitz
The shape and curvature evolution of dissolving rocks can be predicted using a new theory.
[Physics 15, s2] Published Tue Jan 11, 2022
What the thermodynamics of clocks tell us about the mysteries of time Surprising new insights about the strange physics underlying how clocks work could transform our understanding of time's arrow – and hint at how time works at the quantum scale
Tardigrade is first multicellular organism to be quantum entangled A tardigrade cooled to near absolute zero and placed in a state of quantum entanglement survived its ordeal
Photons could be ‘split’ in two to create a weird new form of light Physicists have shown that "splitting" particles of light into so-called Majorana bosons, a feat long thought to be mathematically impossible, may be achievable
DeepMind AI helps study strange electrons in chemical reactions Strange so-called fractional electrons are crucial to many chemical reactions, but traditional methods cannot model them – a problem that DeepMind has used machine learning to fix
Physicists beat Lorentz reciprocity for microwave transmission New device could boost telecommunications and be adapted for photonics
Japan’s SuperKEKB set for first particle collisions Revamped accelerator will soon be smashing electrons and positrons together
Wood-based 'supermaterial' is stronger and tougher than steel New material is made by compressing treated wood
Three photons bind together to make a ‘molecule’ of light Technique could be used to create quantum-information systems
Nuclear excitation by electron capture seen at long last Breakthrough could lead to new type of energy source
Pistachio trees 'talk' to their neighbours, reveals statistical physics Ising model could account for nut production of pistachio orchards
US National Science Foundation clamps down on misconduct Agency will now require every grantee organization to report cases of sexual harassment